Bow hunting regulations in South Africa
Why we need bow hunting regulations in South Africa
Bow hunting regulations in South Africa are certainly needed, similarly to why road usage regulations are required. Bow hunting has evolved over time and will continue to evolve. With the development of modern technology bows will become faster, arrows stronger and velocity higher.
As a result, the kinetic energy will increase which in turn will lead to smaller bows being able to hunt larger animals. Consequently all bow hunting needs to be regulated in some form. The trick will be to get the authorities to keep legislation up to speed with the development of bow hunting equipment.
However, not all bows are equal. We have to bear in mind that a small frame girl will not be able to draw a bow with a draw weight of 80 lbs. This leads to where a bow with a 30 lbs draw weight will be insufficient to successfully hunt most African dangerous game species.
It comes from the hunting fraternity that limitations are set for specific minimum requirements for bow hunting specific size animals. Below are the most recent bow hunting regulations in South Africa.
Bow hunting regulations in South Africa are rather black and white and there’s no looking the other way.
This is a summary of the bow hunting regulations in South Africa:
CATEGORIES OF HUNTING as published in the Government Gazette, 11 DECEMBER 2009 No.32798 29
Permissible bows for bow hunting in South Africa
What bow can I use for bow hunting South Africa?
- The following are acceptable types of bows for bow hunting South Africa-
(b) recurve bow; and
(c) compound bow, excluding a compound crossbow.
Categories of wild animals for bow hunting South Africa
The following norms apply to the hunting of wild animals with bow and arrow
(a) small game
- including game birds
- small carnivores
- rabbits and
- pygmy antelope
*hyrax (Procavia capensis) is another name for the common dassie or rock rabbit.
Category 1 bows require:
(i) bow with a minimum draw mass of 40 pounds;
(ii) bow generating a minimum kinetic energy 30 ft/lbs; and
(iii) minimum arrow weight of 300 grains;
Dassie, hyrax or rock rabbit.
(b) medium game including:
- springbuck and
Category 2 bows require:
(i) bow with a minimum draw mass of 50 pounds;
(ii) bow generating a minimum kinetic energy 50 ft/lb; and
(iii) minimum arrow weight 400 grains;
(c) large game including
- sable and
- hartebeests (sic)
Category 3 bows require:
(i) bow with a minimum draw mass of 60 pounds;
(ii) bow generating a minimum kinetic energy of 60 ft/lbs; and
(iii) minimum arrow weight of 500 grains;
Category 4 bows require:
(i) bow with a minimum draw mass of 80 pounds;
(ii) bow generating a minimum kinetic energy of 80 ft/lb; and
(iii) minimum arrow weight of 750 grains;
Category 5 bows require:
Government Gazette, 11 DECEMBER 2009 No.32798 29
(i) bow with a minimum draw mass of 90 pounds;
(ii) bow generating a minimum kinetic energy of 90 ft/lbs; and
(iii) minimum arrow weight of 750 grains.
Additional norms for bow hunting equipment
- Notwithstanding the requirements contemplated in Paragraph 27 the following conditions apply-
(a) in the case of mechanical broad heads 5% additional kinetic energy is required for Category 1, 2 and 3 wild animals;
(b) broad heads must have at least two cutting edges; and
(c) the minimum permitted arrow length is 50 cm.
- These norms and standards are called the National Norms and Standards for the Regulation of the
Hunting Industry, 2009, and take effect on a date determined by the Minister in the Gazette.
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