Hunting steenbok in South Africa

Hunting steenbok in South Africa

Hunting steenbok in South Africa is to show that even tiny animals can be considered as trophy animals. This solitary animal is another member of the Tiny 10 and can be hunted in most hunting areas.

Steenbok hunting can be a challenging hunt as these tiny antelope usually dash off at the slightest sign of any danger.

These tiny animals are solitary animals, only joining up with members of the opposite sex during the rut. As a general rule, steenbok are not dependent on permanent water sources. Steenbok mostly satisfy their hydration needs from their primary food source.

When steenbok move into dense vegetation they can almost become invisible hiding behind any kind of cover.

Steenbok facts

Steenbok scientific name: Raphicerus campestris

The coat is rusty brown with a white belly and long ears. Average weight of a fully mature steenbok is 24 lb. or 11 kg.

Only males (rams), have upright horns. Large pre-orbital scent glands are situated in front of the eyes and are noticeable in both sexes.

Gestation period is approximately seven months after which a single lamb is born. Lambs are concealed for the first few months while the female feeds and returns to suckle. Dependence on a permanent water resource is determined by the ability to extract moisture from browsing sources.

The monogamous relationship between males and females lead to them defending their shared territory. After birth and before the rut, both sexes are solitary animals. These are the only antelopes that scrape the ground before and after they defecate or urinate.

Steenbok males (rams) will mark their territories with either dung piles, urine or by scraping their scent glands on vegetation.

The preferred habitat for steenbok is open savannah with enough cover for concealment in the form of tall grass or shrubs.

Predation is mainly from leopard, spotted hyena, jackal, martial eagles and caracal.

Steenbok hunting prices South Africa

The cost for hunting steenbok in South Africa for the 2020 steenbok hunting season is $ 500.

Steenbok cull hunting prices: there are no steenbok cull hunts available.

Ammunition for steenbok hunting

We recommend you only use premium grade ammunition when hunting steenbok in South Africa.

Our preferred ammunition manufacturer for hunting steenbok in South Africa is Hornady in solid ammunition. Other premium grade ammunition manufactures you can use would be Federal Premium and others.

The reason we keep hammering on using premium grade ammunition is:

In South Africa if you shoot at an animal and blood is drawn, the animal is considered bought and paid for. If you use cheap ammunition that is inferior and causes blood to be drawn you pay even if we do not find it.

What you are looking for in premium grade ammunition is consistent performance. Petals must mushroom creating a wide wound channel leading to the animal expiring quickly.

 

Petals that break off, or worse, if the bullet / projectile disintegrates upon contact the animal will possibly survive and you still pay.

Gun scope for hunting steenbok in South Africa

Purchase the optics you can afford.

The single most important issue is the scope must be able to withstand the recoil once you squeeze the trigger.

A good 2 – 12 X 50 gun scope is sufficient for hunting steenbok in South Africa.

Caliber for hunting steenbok in South Africa

The best caliber for hunting steenbok in South Africa is the one you know best. We can argue calibers from now till chickens grow teeth and still disagree. Why try and fix something that is not broke?

Use a small- to medium bore rifle that you can shoot accurately and feel comfortable using.

We consider the following as the best calibers for hunting steenbok in South Africa:

 

22 Hornet using a minimum bullet weight of 45 gr
  • Winchester 45 gr Soft Point traveling at a muzzle velocity of 2 690 feet per second (fps)
  • Sellier & Bellot 45 gr Soft point traveling at a muzzle velocity of 2 346 fps
  • Sellier & Bellot 45 gr FMJ at a muzzle velocity of 2 346

 

222 using a minimum bullet weight of 50 gr
  • Norma soft point traveling at a muzzle velocity of about 3 199 feet per second (fps)
  • Sellier & Bellot SP 50 gr traveling at a muzzle velocity of 3 215 fps
  • Federal Hi-Shok 50 gr traveling at a muzzle velocity of 3 140 fps
  • Norma Soft Point 62 gr traveling at a muzzle velocity of 2 887 fps

 

223 using a minimum bullet weight of 50 gr
  • Hornady 53 gr Hollow Point Match at a muzzle velocity of 3 330 feet per second (fps)
  • Nosler Balistic Tip 50 gr at a muzzle velocity of 3 100 fps
  • Federal 55 gr Hi-Shok at a muzzle velocity of 3 240 fps

 

22-250 using a minimum bullet weight of 50 gr
  • Federal 55 gr Sierra GameKing at a muzzle velocity of 3 680 feet per second (fps)
  • Remington 55 gr Soft Point at a muzzle velocity of 3 680 fps
  • Hornady 60 gr Soft Point at a muzzle velocity of 3 600 fps

 

243 using a minimum bullet weight of 70 gr
  • Federal 80 gr at a muzzle velocity of 3 350 feet per second (fps)
  • Remington 90 gr Swift Scirocco Bonded at a muzzle velocity of 3 120 fps
  • Barnes 100 gr at any muzzle velocity

 

270 using a minimum bullet weight of 150 gr
  • Federal Hi-Shok soft point ammunition traveling at a muzzle velocity of about 2 850 feet per second (fps)
  • Winchester Power-Point 150 gr ammunition traveling at a muzzle velocity of 2 850 fps
  • Nosler Partition 150 gr ammunition traveling at a muzzle velocity of 2 850 fps

 

308 using a minimum bullet weight of 150 gr
  • Federal 150 gr Nosler Partition ammunition at a muzzle velocity of 2 840 feet per second (fps)
  • Remington 165 gr AccuTip Boat Tail ammunition at a muzzle velocity of 2 700 fps
  • Norma 180 gr Nosler Partition at a muzzle velocity of 2 612 fps

 

30-06 using a minimum bullet weight of 150 gr
  • This is hunting the most wanted plains game animal, with the world’s best caliber using the world’s best ammunition.
  • Barnes TTSX 150 gr at a muzzle velocity of 2 750 feet per second (fps)
  • Federal 165 gr Nosler Partition at a muzzle velocity of 2 830 fps
  • Norma 180 gr Oryx at a muzzle velocity of 2 700 fps

 

300 WSM and 300 WM or any similar calibers
  • Avoid using these calibers for hunting steenbok in South Africa. Too much cape damage is done with the amount of velocity behind the bullet.

 

375 Only use monolithic solid ammunition
  • Hornady 300 gr Full Metal Jacket (FMJ) at a muzzle velocity of 2 705 fps
  • Speer 300 gr FMJ at 2 550 fps muzzle velocity
  • Federal 300 gr Sledgehammer at 2 530 fps muzzle velocity and
  • Norma 300 gr Barnes FMJ at 2 493 fps muzzle velocity

 

Follow this link for a comprehensive list of caliber recommendations

Steenbok hunting caliber
Steenbok hunting South Africa
Steenbok hunting ammunition
Steenbok hunting prices

Steenbok shot placement diagram

Shot placement hunting steenbok South Africa
Broadside shot

A broadside shot on steenbok: the shot should be placed behind the shoulder in line with the front leg and one third of the way up from the bottom of the brisket to the top of the back.

Quartering to

Aim for the inside of the closer shoulder of the steenbok. Steenbok shot placement with medium bore calibers usually ends well for the hunter. Do not take the shot if you are unsure about taking the shot.

Quartering away

Bisect the angle formed between the front legs, aim in the bottom third of the distance between the bottom of the chest and the top of the back of the steenbok.

Facing on

This is a very small frame animal. Facing on shots should rather be avoided as far as possible.

Hunting steenbok in South Africa general information

Hunting steenbok in South Africa is hunting for one of the very small antelope species. These hunts usually start when a hunter sees the animal for the first time, and secondly when he hears the good steenbok hunting price.

One of the best taxidermy mounts for steenbok is a desk-pedestal shoulder mount. It allows this majestic little big guy to form the centerpiece of a great discussion on hunting.

Enjoy your hunt. Be sure. Be safe.

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Tips for hunting steenbok in South Africa

If you only have a high velocity rifle you may want to aim slightly further back from the shoulder to try and preserve the cape.

When hunting the dainty little steenbok the hunter must be weary not to use too much gun. The best caliber for hunting steenbok would be any caliber that allows for using a solid bullet. The solid bullet causes very little damage to the cape and the rest of the body.

Alternatively use the recommended calibers as discussed above.

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Best time of year for hunting steenbok in South Africa

Steenbok can be hunted from March to November with peak hunting times during May to October.

It is going to be a challenging hunt when hunting steenbok in mountainous areas. This is where the skill of the hunter is tested with regards to marksmanship.

We can and do hunt steenbok from January to December.

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Steenbok hunting average shot distance

The average expected shooting distance when hunting steenbok in South Africa is 60 to 100 yards depending on the terrain you are hunting in.

Steenbok hunting caliber South Africa
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