Hunting steenbok in South Africa

Steenbok scientific name: Raphicerus campestris

Hunting steenbok in South Africa with Mkulu Africa Hunting Safaris.


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Hunting steenbok in South Africa

Steenbok facts

Hunting steenbok in South Africa is to show that even tiny animals can be considered as trophy animals. This solitary animal is another member of the Tiny 10 and can be hunted in most hunting areas.

Steenbok hunting can be a challenging hunt as these tiny antelope usually dash off at the slightest sign of any danger.

These tiny animals are solitary animals, only joining up with members of the opposite sex during the rut. As a general rule, steenbok are not dependent on permanent water sources. Steenbok mostly satisfy their hydration needs from their primary food source.

When steenbok move into dense vegetation they can almost become invisible hiding behind any kind of cover.

The coat is rusty brown with a white belly and long ears. Average weight of a steenbok is 24 lb. or 11 kg.

Steenbok behavior

Only males (rams), have upright horns. Large pre-orbital scent glands are situated in front of the eyes and are noticeable in both sexes.

Gestation period is approximately seven months after which a single lamb is born. Lambs are concealed for the first few months while the female feeds and returns to suckle. Dependence on a permanent water resource is determined by the ability to extract moisture from browsing sources.

The monogamous relationship between males and females lead to them defending their shared territory. After birth and before the rut, both sexes are solitary animals. These are the only antelopes that scrape the ground before and after they defecate or urinate.

Steenbok males (rams) will mark their territories with either dung piles, urine or by scraping their scent glands on vegetation.

The preferred habitat for steenbok is open savannah with enough cover for concealment in the form of tall grass or shrubs.

Predation is mainly from leopard, spotted hyena, jackal, martial eagles and caracal.

Information on hunting steenbok in South Africa

Caliber for hunting steenbok

We consider the following calibers as the best calibers to hunt steenbok:

Steenbok hunt
Gun Scope

Purchase the optics you can afford.

The single most important issue is the scope must be able to withstand the recoil once you squeeze the trigger.

A good 2 – 12 X 50 gun scope is sufficient for hunting steenbok in South Africa.

Average shot distance

The average expected shooting distance when hunting steenbok in South Africa is 60 to 100 yards depending on the terrain you are hunting in.

Steenbok hunting prices

The cost for hunting steenbok in South Africa for the 2020 steenbok hunting season is           $ 500.


Our preferred ammunition manufacturer is Barnes. You can use any weight projectiles depending on which weight consistently performs best in your specific rifle.

Other premium grade ammunition manufactures you can use are Federal Premium, Sierra and others.

Only use premium grade ammunition.

Click on the steenbok images below to enlarge.

Shot placement hunting steenbok in South Africa

Broadside shot

The shot should be placed slightly behind the shoulder, one third of the way up from the bottom of the brisket to the top of the back.

Quartering to shot

The shot should be placed at the spot bisecting the angle formed by the front legs, aiming for the closer shoulder at the same height as for a broadside shot.

Quartering away

The shot should be placed at the spot bisecting the angle formed by the front legs, aiming at the same height as for a broadside shot.

Facing to shot

The hunter should try to avoid a frontal shot due to the lack of size of the animal. A possibility exists that the projectile may hit the facial area.

Gallery of steenbok trophy hunting pictures

Tips for hunting steenbok in South Africa

If you only have a high velocity rifle you may want to aim slightly further back from the shoulder to try and preserve the cape.

When hunting the dainty little steenbok the hunter must be weary not to use too much gun. The best caliber for hunting steenbok would be any caliber that allows for using a solid bullet. The solid bullet causes very little damage to the cape and the rest of the body.

Alternatively use the recommended calibers as discussed above.


Best time of year to hunt steenbok in South Africa

Steenbok can be hunted from March to November with peak hunting times during May to October.

It is going to be a challenging hunt when hunting steenbok in mountainous areas. This is where the skill of the hunter is tested with regards to marksmanship.

We can and do hunt steenbok from January to December.

African hunting trips South Africa 2020